Apple exploring advanced sensors that could help with Blood Glucose and Blood Pressure monitoring on the Apple Watch

According to a newly published patent today, Apple is exploring new optical sensors for the Apple Watch. The latest research shows the company’s researchers exploring a new hybrid interferometric and scatterometric sensor.

Fiber optic interferometers have been shown to help with numerous health-sensing applications in research labs. 

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About Apple’s new optical sensor patent

S. Pullteap et al. have developed high-sensitivity vital signs monitoring based on FFPI to measure two interesting parameters, heart rate, and blood pressure.

Compared with medical digital sphygmomanometers, the average error of systolic and diastolic blood pressure and HR measured by the FFPI sensor is less than 2%.

Interferometry in optics is considered one of the most sensitive detection techniques. They have been proven in research labs to facilitate vital signs monitoring with high accuracy.

The challenge has been with manufacturing Fabry-Perot style interferometers because of cost and the difficulty associated with the manufacturing process.

Apple’s new optical sensor system for Apple Watch could include a semiconductor substrate; a self-mixing interferometry(SMI) sensor formed on the semiconductor substrate and including a semiconductor laser having a resonant cavity and an array of photodetectors.”

In layman’s terms, yes, Apple is exploring new ways to bolster the sensing capabilities of its Apple Watch.

This latest patent was filed in March 2021 and approved today.

The new engineering on the watch’s sensor would allow it to take advantage of doppler velocimetry and heterodyning. Laser doppler velocimetry has been used in research to measure blood velocity.

The patent calls out the particulars of the watch’s design.New Breed of Apple Watch Sensors

The new optical sensor system, in this instance, 1624, may be used to acquire biological information from the user of the device (e.g, heart rate, respiration rate, blood pressure, blood flow rate, blood oxygenation, blood glucose levels, and so on).

New Blood Pressure and Glucose sensor on Apple Watch

The new optical sensor also helps in monitoring external environmental factors.

For example, it can determine if the watch is being worn tightly or loosely on the wrist. it can also help to analyze the particulate matter in the air and help determine air quality.

The new patent is quite technical in nature and includes a lot of details about the sensor fabrication and functioning. We have just called out the health-related specifics and potential from the published patent.

I am a technologist with years of experience with Apple and wearOS products and have a Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science. In my day job, I advise fortune 500 companies with their digital transformation strategies and also consult with numerous digital health startups in an advisory capacity. I'm VERY interested in exploring the digital health&fitness-tech evolution and keep a close eye on patents, FDA approvals, strategic partnerships and developments happening in the wearables and digital health sector. When I'm not writing or presenting, I run with my Apple Watch or Fossil Gen 5 LTE and keep a close eye on my HRV and other recovery metrics.

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